Life in the USA: Less Dependence on Cars
Americans love their spacious suburban homes and cars. In 2001, car ownership peaked (1.1 cars per licensed driver). So this, the tendencies started to change. During last years the average number of miles driven in the United States fell for the first time in history, declining 3.6 percent from 2007, and the number of trips by public transportation rose to a 50-year high.
Nowadays, the American government policy is directed to develop urban transport and more environmentally friendly developments. Americans move to live in the cities – close to their job and places of entertainment and rest, or “sustainable” neighborhoods and communities that cater to those who want public transportation, schools, parks and stores within walking distance.
New federal initiatives, including billions of dollars earmarked for public transportation under the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, are keeping the momentum going at a time when many municipalities can’t afford large capital projects.
The new way of life helps the progress of urban transport, but even now the vast majority of Americans still travel alone in their car to work — 76 percent, the part of commuters who take a bus or train has been growing in recent years, research shows. As more people move within reach of urban public transportation routes, they can choose to leave the car at home — or to own no car at all.
The observes forecast the tendency of toward denser city and suburban living, progress of usage of urban transport and general emissions of greenhouse gases and other environmental pollution in the United States.
Americans try to create “sustainable community”, which according to the report of Organization of Union Nations is “development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”